Hush: The Documentary

The Science

Want to look into the topic further? Here you can find some of the research that lead to the final film.

We hope to add much of the research involved in the film as soon as possible, but for now the material listed here is only a bibliography of the actual studies shown in the film. As such, it is meant as reference material for review after or during a viewing of the film, it is not representative of the full extent of research done to complete the film.

Bibliography – Studies Shown in the Film

Breast Cancer Studies

Citation Number Link
1 Rebecca H. Johnson, MD – Incidence of Breast Cancer with Distant Involvement among Women in the United States, 1976-2009
2 Brind, J, Chinchilli, VM, Severs, WB et al. – Induced abortion as an independent risk factor for breast cancer:  a comprehensive review and meta-analysis. J Epidemiol Community Health. 1996  J Am Phys Surg Vol. 12, No. 3 (Fall 2007)
3 Patrick S. Carroll, “The Breast Cancer Epidemic: Modeling and Forecasts Based on Abortion and Other Risk Factors”, Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons, Vol.12, No.3 (Fall  2007), pp.72-78
4 Tehranian N, et al. The effect of abortion on the risk of breast cancer. Iranian study presented at a conference at McMaster University, 2006
5 Band,P.R., Le,N.D., Fang,R., Deschamps,M., Carcinogenic and endocrine disrupting effects of cigarette smoking and risk of breast cancer, The Lancet 2002;360:1044-9
6 Michels KB, Xue F, Colditz GA & Willett WC;m 2007 Induced and spontaneous abortion and incidence of breast cancer among young women: a prospective cohort study. Archives of Internal Medicine 167814–820.
7 Russo J, Russo I H. Development of the human breast. Maturitas. 2004; 49(1):2–15
8 Melbye, Wohlfahrt J, Olsen JH, et. al. Induced abortion and the risk of breast cancer. N Engl J Med. 1997; 336
9 Ye, DL Gao, Q. Qin, RM Ray, DB Thomas; Breast cancer in relation to induced abortions in a cohort of Chinese woman. Br J Cancer, 87 (2002), pp. 976(PDF)
10 Janet R. Daling, “Risk of Breast Cancer among Young Women: Relationship to Induced Abortions”, Journal of the National Cancer Institute 86 (1994): 1584- 1592.
11 Huang, “A meta-analysis of the association between induced abortion and breast cancer risk among Chinese females.” Cancer Causes and Control (2013): 1-10.

Preterm Birth & Breast Cancer Risk

Citation Number Link
12 Vatten LJ, Romundstad PR, Trichopoulos D, Skjærven R Pregnancy related protection against breast cancer depends on length of gestation. Br J Cancer 87: 289–290 (2002)
13 Melbye et. al., “Preterm Delivery and risk of breast cancer,” British Journal of Cancer, 80(3-4): 609-613 (1999)(PDF)
14 Innes KE, Byers TE, et. al., “First pregnancy characteristics and subsequent breast cancer risk among young women.” Int J Cancer. 2004 Nov 1;112(2):306-11.

Abortion & Premature Birth Studies

Citation Number Link
15 Shah P. et al. Induced termination of pregnancy and low birth weight and preterm birth: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BJOG. 2009.
16 Hardy G, Benjamin A, Abenhaim HA, et. al, “Effect of induced abortions on early preterm births and adverse perinatal outcomes.” J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2013 Feb;35(2):138-43.
17 Preterm Birth: Causes, Consequences, and Prevention by Richard E. Behrman, MD, JD, and Adrienne Stith Butler, PhD (National Academies Press, 2007)

Abortion & Psychology Studies

Citation Number Link
18 Gissler, E. Hemminki, J. Lonnqvist, “Suicides after Pregnancy in Finland, 1987-94: Register Linkage Study,” BMJ, 1996, 313: 1431
19 Brenda Major et al., “Abortion and Mental Health: Evaluating the Evidence,” American Psychologist 64 (2009)
20 APA, Task Force on Mental Health and Abortion. (2008)
21 Coleman Priscilla K. ‘Abortion and mental health: quantitative synthesis and analysis of research published 1995-2009’, The British Journal of Psychiatry (2011). 199: 180-186